If you’re currently pregnant and are nearing your 18th week, get ready for some old wives’ folklore!
There are many myths and tales when it comes to determining the sex of your baby. They can be related to your appetite or the shape of your belly – but they do not offer a solid answer. Let us walk you through all of these early signs and tell you the truth about each one of them!
Enter The World Of Embryology
Certain steps ensure if your baby will be a boy or a girl, but the gender of your baby is decided the moment you conceive.
But before that, what determines that you’re going to have a boy or a girl?
Father Is Responsible For Either A Boy Or Girl
How? Well, don’t worry – we will break it down for you.
An ovary consists of XX chromosomes, whereas the male sperm may carry an X or Y chromosome. If the sperm has the Y chromosome after fusing with the ovary, they will form XY, which is the gene code for a boy. But if it is carrying an X chromosome – that’s right, it’s a girl!
How Are Sexual Organs Formed?
In the 4th week of embryonic life, the genital ridge (also known as the undifferentiated gonad) makes an appearance. It is known to be “bipotential”, i.e. it has the potential to either become a testis or ovary.
Till the 7th week, the genital ridge is sexually indifferent. However, the presence of the SRY gene directs the process into the development of testis, and its absence does the opposite (i.e. ensures the development of an ovary).
The presence of AMH (anti-mullerian hormone) and testosterone determine the development of seminal vesicles, epididymis, ejaculatory ducts, vas deferens, penis and scrotum. And the absence of these hormones boosts the formation of fallopian tubes, uterus, the upper third of the vagina. Unlike males, no hormonal stimulation is needed for the development of female external genitalia.
Get Ready for Some Old Wives’ Tales!
Pregnancy is a magical time! It’s very challenging, and the hormonal imbalance is crazy – but most couples make the most of it, which is the right thing to do.
One of the most magical and heart-warming occasions in this magical ride is when you get to know about the baby’s sex. But before that day arrives, your mother, colleague, or the neighbour lady with four kids, might start to bombard you with what they’ve learned from experience and honestly, it could be a bit misleading.
However, there’s no harm in going through them and checking if they are scientifically authentic or not.
Signs That It’s A Girl
Here are a few signs that might or might not mean that you’re having a girl:
1. Excessive Morning Sickness
It’s said that if your morning sickness (i.e. nausea and vomiting) is severe, then you might be carrying a baby girl. This is so because female fetuses secrete more hCG (pregnancy hormone) than male fetuses, causing excessive morning sickness.
2. You’re Carrying High
According to some old wives, if you’re carrying high, you will probably have a girl. However, there’s no scientific truth to this theory.
3. Dull Skin And Damaged Hair
Now, this is an interesting one. If you develop acne on your face or your hair loses its shine and looks dull, then you might be having a baby girl.
It’s like, your baby girl stole your beauty. That’s a bummer.
4. You Crave Sugar
It’s a theory that women who eat more chocolates and sweets are most likely to have a baby girl.
Isn’t that a sweet little myth?
5. Lines on Your Belly
According to theorists, if the linea nigra (the line running in the middle) only runs up to your belly button, it means that you will give birth to a girl.
Signs That It’s A Boy
Let’s take a look at the signs that scream – it’s a boy!
1. Craving for Salty Foods
Do you have a strong desire to eat all kinds of salty, savoury foods? That’s normal, all thanks to the hormonal imbalance.
However, there is pretty intriguing folklore of the old wives that eating salty dishes means that you will have a boy! Of course, it’s only a theory, but who knows?
2. You’re Carrying Low
Like it has been mentioned in the girls’ section, carrying a low or a lower bump probably means that you are carrying a baby boy!
Your baby bump is determined by your abdominal muscles, the number of pregnancies you have had, your physical condition and your total weight gain during pregnancy.
3. Position of Lines on Your Body
If your linea nigra runs past the belly button up towards the ribs, then it means that you are possibly going to have a boy.
4. Plump Skin & Lustrous Hair
Unlike baby girls, baby boys don’t damage your hair or cause your skin to break out. However, there has been no scientific research to back this claim.
It wouldn’t be correct to render all of these signs wrong because at the end of the day – who knows if they turn out to be true? However, an ultrasound or other relevant medical tests can give you a definitive answer. Wouldn’t it be better to start shopping for either pink or blue nursery decorations after a confirmed test?
There are no ifs or buts when this statement is being considered. Because for women, their hair is a way of expressing themselves. They style it, take care of it and own it throughout their life. However, when menopause enters their lives, it shakes them up in various ways. Still, one of the most dreaded outcomes is menopausal hair loss.
In this blog post, we’ll cover everything related to menopausal hair loss, including the reasons behind it and how you can prevent it.
What is Menopause?
According to the medical definition, menopause is defined as the women’s final menstrual period, and the accepted confirmation of this is made retrospectively after one year of absence in menstruation.
It’s a natural process that affects all women over the globe. The average age of menopause worldwide is between 51-52 years. However, as a woman’s body faces this transition, some certain symptoms and conditions occur due to it.
Here are some premenopausal (around menopause) and menopausal symptoms that are bound to appear:
Loss of concentration
Dry and itchy skin
Decreased libido (sexual desire)
However, cardiovascular and bone problems like osteoporosis may also arise as long-term complications.
What Causes Menopausal Hair Loss?
What really happens is that the progesterone and estrogen levels in your body start to decrease with time. Because of the reduction in the production of these hormones, many females experience menopausal hair loss as they are responsible for the speedy hair growth in women.
Moreover, as estrogen and progesterone levels fall, androgens come into play. As their levels increase, they cause the hair follicles on the head to shrink. Not only does this amplify the hair fall, but it also contributes to the facial hair that some women may develop as their menopause begins.
Symptoms That Require Prompt Medical Attention
Here a few symptoms that must be reported to a doctor as soon as possible:
Hair loss is very sudden
Your hair is thinning at a faster rate
You notice an unusual pattern in your hair fall
The scalp is itchy or red
Your basin gets filled with hair very quickly
Your ponytail has drastically reduced in its size
You should definitely be on the lookout for these symptoms, whether your menopause has begun or not. Such conditions require prompt medical attention no matter what your age is!
How to Reverse Menopausal Hair Loss?
Is menopausal hair loss reversible? The answer is yes!
If you are able to catch onto the symptoms on time, there are chances that you would be able to reverse the menopausal hair loss.
Let’s take a look at a few tips and tricks:
1. Take Care of Your Diet
The first and foremost thing you can do to reverse menopausal hair loss is to fix your diet. Knowingly or unknowingly, you might be missing out on the nutritious substances you need to have healthy hair.
It is essential to include protein, vitamins and minerals in your daily routine life. However, you don’t know what you’re lacking; hence, getting a full workup and getting started on some supplements would be good.
Moreover, it is essential to include certain foods containing fatty acids vital for your hair growth and maintenance. They can be; tuna, salmon, almonds, walnuts, and flaxseed oil.
2. Adopt Healthy Cosmetic Habits
Women love styling their hair. Be it straightening, perming, or dyeing their hair once in a while – it is a universal fact that women love playing with their hair.
But once you enter menopause, it is essential to adopt healthy cosmetic habits, i.e. to start applying highly potent hair masks, use hats to protect your hair from the sun, and reduce straightening or perming your hair.
3. Say Goodbye to Stress
Even young girls and women lose their hair due to stress. Therefore, if you are premenopausal or have entered your menopause, then you should do something to regulate the stress in your life.
The first and foremost thing to do is to try and eradicate the things that cause you stress. You should also start focusing on hobbies or activities that make you happy.
The reduced estrogen in your body can contribute to your stress, anxiety and other menopausal symptoms. You must try to curb them by adopting healthy habits, doing yoga, and exercising regularly.
4. Discontinue Some Medicines
There’s no doubt about the fact that allopathic medicines have side effects. And considering your age (because you’re about to or have entered menopause), you might be taking some medicines.
It is crucial to note if any of the added medicines have accelerated hair fall or are contributing to the thinning of your hair. Consult your doctor and cut down on the specific medication if it is contributing to hair damage.
5. Keep Yourself Hydrated
Water is your best friend, seriously.
Having a good intake of water keeps the toxins out of your body and supports good health. So if you want to have good hair, good skin and a good life – drink your water!
6. Try Bamboo Pillowcases
Did you know about bamboo pillowcases? If you didn’t, then you’re in luck today!
Bamboo pillowcases are softer as compared to cotton pillowcases. You can use these to protect your hair from breaking overnight due to the friction between your hair and the pillowcase. It also doesn’t allow your hair to get tangled and frizzy and, therefore, is a fantastic fabric for hair care.
Menopausal hair loss is an inevitable thing – it’s going to happen, really. However, this shouldn’t make you feel less beautiful about yourself, and you shouldn’t let it shake your confidence as well.
It’s a phase of your life, a little challenging – yes, but you’ll get through it as well. Look after your hair, follow our advice, and you’ll be good to go!
Whether it is listening to the teacher at school or getting the office work done on time – there are times when we are unable to perform well. Why? Simply because of our inability to concentrate on the task on hand.
Have you ever wondered why it happens? What are the problems or conditions that may cause you to have trouble while focusing? And what are the treatment options for dealing with such issues?
In this article, we will discuss all of these questions and provide you with relevant answers so that you can fix them. Of course, for some conditions, it would be wise to seek medical help. However, for other issues, you can always bring some lifestyle modifications and start feeling better eventually.
What Is Meant by Concentration Difficulties?
Your teachers might start blaming you for not studying enough, or your boss would ask you to work extra hours. And when this starts to happen, you must understand that something is not right with your body.
Concentration difficulties simply refer to the conditions or behavioural changes that depress the optimal functionality of your brain. Due to these difficulties, you can’t give your best even if you want to, leading to other problems.
P.S: It is advised to assess your situation and reach out to someone who can offer help.
How To Determine That You Have Trouble Concentrating?
Well, it could be a series of events or something drastic that might have let you believe that you’re unable to focus. Here are the symptoms that can help you in determining if you’re having trouble focusing:
Unable to think clearly
Difficulty in focusing
Inability to make decisions
Getting easily distracted
Unable to get done with your daily tasks
Repeatedly making the same mistakes
Not being able to sit still
If you are experiencing any of the above, it means that you’re indeed facing trouble while concentrating. Most of these can be improved via bringing a change in your lifestyle and having a different approach, so you can work on them and improve your health.
Symptoms That Require Medical Attention
However, you must report to a healthcare professional if you feel:
A tingling feeling in your hands and feet
Loss of consciousness
Continuous decrease in performance at work or school
If you start noticing these symptoms in your daily life, then it means there’s an underlying condition that must be checked out by a doctor.
Reasons Behind Concentration Difficulties
Now that we know the symptoms that can point towards this problem, let’s look at some of the most common reasons behind it and discuss their treatment options.
1. Fix Your Sleep Pattern
Believe it or not, not sleeping correctly can prove to be very destructible for your body. If you have a haphazard sleep pattern and don’t have a regular sleep routine, you will have difficulty concentrating.
Treatment: Fix your sleep pattern and sleep at night. It is essential to allow your body to rejuvenate and your mind to relax before the start of another day.
2. Consume Vitamins
We replaced vegetables with vitamins because that’s how important they are. However, you need to understand that what you think is a “healthy diet” might not be one. For example, if you’re strictly a vegetarian, you can develop vitamin B12 deficiency that can cause decreased functioning of your brain.
It can not only lead to concentration difficulties but severe depression and other medical conditions.
Treatment: Since B12 is found in animal foods, you can switch to fish or eggs if not meat. But if you’re strictly vegan, then you should consider getting vitamin B12 supplements.
3. Stop Stressing
Kindly stop stressing; it causes hair fall.
Now that we have your attention – it would be wise to stop stressing this instant. 😉
Stressing about anything is not helpful in any cause. Whether it is work stress, emotional stress, exam stress and any other kinds of stress that you can think of – they all are bad for you. It may only worsen your ability to think of the task at hand. If you’re continuously overthinking and overanalyzing a situation, you wouldn’t be able to get things done.
Treatment: Stressing wouldn’t bear any results, so it’s on you and your willpower to take control of your life.
4. Don’t Multitask
While multitasking is an essential skill these days, you should know that it reduces the brain’s overall performance. It is because of the divided attention on different tasks of different nature that can make it hard for you to concentrate.
Treatment: It would be a better option to number your tasks by their importance and jump on to the next job after you have completed one.
How To Diagnose This Problem?
Once you have come to terms with the fact that this is a problem and not just something that happens to everyone – the first thing to do is go to a doctor. Your family doctor or any healthcare practitioner would prescribe you the following tests:
With the help of these tests, your doctor will finally be able to reach the root cause for your concentration difficulties. Whether nutritional, environmental, psychological or hormonal – they all can be fixed once the problem has been identified.
It’s okay to lose your focus on some days because it’s normal. We all have our bad and good days that determine our performance. However, if it’s happening daily and you face this problem regularly, you should seek professional help immediately.
Let’s say you’re sitting in your office and the 9 am meeting is about to start. Suddenly your stomach growls – and to your horror, everyone looks at you.
Isn’t that a little embarrassing?
Well, it could be, but you should know that stomach growling or stomach rumbling is a normal thing. It happens with everyone, and you should be okay with some occasional growling.
However, if you have started to notice an increase in the frequency of stomach growling, then it means there is something wrong. You could either be eating the bad stuff, experiencing indigestion, or have some issues with your eating habits.
In this article, we will give you an overview of stomach growling and equip you with some critical points on how to quiet it down.
Let’s get into it!
Now that you know that stomach growling is a normal process that happens to everyone, it is essential to understand why it happens. What causes your stomach to growl, and why is it a common recurrence?
It’s a fact that certain habits and food can promote stomach growling, and that is why you should avoid including them in your daily routine.
Why Does It Happen?
Have you heard about the good bacteria that live inside your gut?
Let us familiarise you with your gut’s normal flora!
Normal flora corresponds to the microorganisms (aka good bacteria) that reside in our stomach since the day we were born. These normally residing bacteria are responsible for fermenting non-digestive substances into digestive substances, boosting our immune system and protecting us from pathogens.
As a result of these processes, the bacteria eventually produce gases, which are why your stomach rumbles. When these gases move from your stomach to the intestine, this movement makes such noises in your stomach.
Proven Ways to Quiet a Growling Stomach
So, your stomach growls; what’s the big deal? It happens with everyone – who cares?
The answer is simple, everyone cares.
While it is understood that it can happen to everyone, we all would like to avoid it in formal dinners and gatherings. Be it a meeting or a meetup with your in-laws – you wouldn’t want your stomach to go all Godzilla in public.
We have narrowed down a list of tips and tricks that will help you tone down these noises and save you the embarrassment once and for all.
1. Water Is Your Best Friend
We cannot stress enough the importance of water in your life. If you want your stomach to stop grumbling, drinking water in small sips slowly would prove incredibly beneficial.
It is so because water improves digestion by making it easier for the bacteria to break down the food substances. If you’re dehydrated, then you might experience stomach growling. Moreover, if you drink water on an empty stomach, it fills up your stomach and soothes down the noises that may arise from hunger.
2. Eat On Regular Intervals
If you experience stomach growling regularly, it would be better to eat at regular intervals or eat something between the three complete meals of your day. By adopting this habit, you ensure a normal food intake that prevents you from getting hunger pangs.
3. Keep A Food Diary
Some foods don’t really suit everyone. For some, it could be dairy products, and for others, it could be peanuts or any other food. In order to know which substances are not tolerated by your body, it would be wise to maintain a food diary.
Maybe dairy products (like cheese or milk) slow down the process of digestion in your body and may lead to flatulence and eventually stomach rumbling. To avoid this phenomenon, you should keep track of what you eat to determine what you should avoid.
4. Chew Like Your Mom Asked You To
Remember when you were chewing like a hyena, and your mom asked you to chew slowly like a princess? Well, it’s time to pay heed to that advice.
Why? Because mother knows best.
While this is true, chewing slowly actually does not allow you to swallow air. This proves to be an essential factor in causing the rumbles and growls that erupt from your stomach.
However, if you chew slowly, it not only prevents you from swallowing air but also breaks down the food into small enough pieces. Because of this, the bacteria don’t have to do much work, which prevents gas production.
5. Take A Walk After You Eat
Sitting idly after a meal isn’t what you want if you want to stop your stomach from growling. It could be because your posture causes your intestines to coil even more, and the gas pushing through may cause your stomach to rumble. Therefore, it would be a good idea to take a light walk after your meal, especially if you feel too full.
6. Avoid Foods That Cause Stomach Rumbling
Certain foods can contribute to stomach growling. For example, highly acidic foods like coffee and some citrus foods can damage your stomach lining and promote stomach growling.
Alcohol is also known to cause your stomach to rumble because it irritates the digestive tract as well. Moreover, foods high in fibre such as broccoli, pulses and beans are also responsible for making your stomach growl.
7. Keep Your Anxiety At Bay
Anxiety, stress and extreme nervousness can also cause stomach rumbling. The mechanism for this phenomenon revolves around the fact that such triggers slow down gastric emptying. If the gastric contents stay for longer periods in your stomach, it gives bacteria increased chances of producing gas and causes stomach growling.
Like we have mentioned before, stomach growling is normal and is bound to happen once in a while. However, if it’s a repetitive process and you’re continuously experiencing stomach rumbling, then you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Have you ever experienced a certain sense of discomfort after sexual intercourse? Well, sex is a little painful, but that pain should subside with regular intercourse and must be enjoyable.
However, if pelvic/abdominal discomfort replaces that pleasurable feeling, then there could be a chance of you having a bruised cervix. In this blog post, we will cover everything about a cervix, including its causes, common symptoms, and last but not least, the available treatment options.
So let’s dive in!
So, What Exactly Is A Cervix?
For the amateurs, let’s start from the basics.
A cervix is essentially a canal that connects the vagina to the uterus. It forms the lower neck of the uterus and opens into the vagina, and this distinction is brought about by the internal orifice and external orifice, respectively.
However, a cervix serves two vital functions that render it an essential part of the female’s reproductive anatomy:
Firstly, it acts as a passage for the sperms to enter the uterine cavity/uterus.
And secondly, with the help of a few physiologic changes, it maintains the sterility of the uterus – hence protecting it from any microbial invasion.
Bruised Cervix – What Does It Mean?
A bruised cervix is a sex injury that makes your cervix incredibly tender. It is an uncommon injury and doesn’t require any medical attention. However, as it can cause excruciating pain, it’s better to avoid contracting an injury of this nature. Usually, it is caused if the penetration is deep enough to slam against the cervix repeatedly.
P.S: The penis, dildo, or any other sex toy can be responsible for this injury.
How Long Does It Take For A Bruised Cervix To Heal?
Well, generally speaking, it takes about two days for a bruised cervix to heal. Please note that this time frame can vary from person to person as every female has a different cervix. If you take care of this condition promptly and keenly, your cervix will heal in no time. However, while doing so, it would be a better option to refrain from any sexual activity until the pain subsides.
Causes Of A Bruised Cervix
When it comes to bruising your cervix, a few notable causes can cause this injury. For starters, vigorous sex can cause a bruised cervix, and so can deep penetration. Moreover, using sex toys that are larger than your vagina or unusual, uncomfortable sex positions can also cause a bruised cervix.
There are some anatomical reasons as well, as every woman has different pelvic anatomy. Women with a shallower vagina are more prone to cervical bruises, so a shallower vagina means a lower cervix. And the lower a cervix is, the easier it is to bruise.
If you’re not significantly aroused, it gets challenging for the penis to penetrate because your cervix and vaginal opening are closer together, making it easier to bruise.
Alright, so something doesn’t feel right up in your body. How can you determine that you have a bruised cervix? Here’s the answer:
Pelvic/abdominal discomfort or pain
If these signs and symptoms present concurrently, there are high chances that you might be having a bruised cervix.
When To Seek Medical Help?
While bruised cervixes tend to heal with time, certain conditions require prompt medical attention. If you experience any of the following, it would be wise to seek immediate help from a healthcare professional:
If you are experiencing intense pain
If you are soaking the sanitary pad every hour with your blood
If you are pregnant
If the pain lasts more than a week
If you have been subjected to sexual assault or trauma
If you notice large clots in your underwear
It is advisable to contact your primary doctor, preferably a gynaecologist, if you face these problems as you may be suffering from an unknown infection or any underlying disease.
How to Prevent Your Cervix from Getting Bruised?
Getting your cervix bruised isn’t a common occurrence – this doesn’t really happen. However, it still is a possibility, and it can be prevented.
The first and foremost thing to do is to communicate with your partner and let him know what’s wrong. It is crucial to tell your partner if he is getting too rough with you or if the sex is hurting you. Moreover, there are certain positions that you and your partner can adapt to minimize the chances of bruising your cervix.
Being properly aroused is another thing, and in order to ensure it, you and your partner can practise role-playing. It does not only prevent you from ending up with a bruised cervix but also provides a fun element that boosts your private life.
A bruised cervix doesn’t require medical treatment; however, it needs time to heal. Here are a few ways to speed up the healing process:
Wear loose, comfortable clothes to lessen the abdominal or pelvic pain
Sit on a soft cushion or pillow until the tenderness subsides
Don’t indulge in any sexual activity during this period
Use a heating or cooling pad to reduce cramps
Massage your abdomen and pelvic region with oil
You can also take painkillers like Advil or Aleve to relieve the pain as well. Most of the time, this is the preferred choice of treatment because it’s enough.
So, here it is – a complete and detailed look into a bruised cervix. Unfortunately, because it is a rare problem, many women can’t narrow it down and don’t know how to deal with it.
However, if you’re suffering from these symptoms or know someone who is complaining, maybe you are a victim of the bruised cervix, and it’s high time you should pay attention to it.