At-Home Enema: How to Use an Enema Safely

At-Home Enema: How to Use an Enema Safely

Before diving deep, let’s first know about enema and its primary function.

An enema is a method of clearing the colon using a liquid-based injection. A liquid solution that a person injects in the rectum either using a tube or a syringe. It helps in loosening the bowels and aids one in poop. It is quite an effective method, used in many medical conditions.

Typically, an enema is given to relieve constipation and eases the discomfort. Enemas are safe to perform under a few circumstances. However, they are kept as the last option due to various side effects. As long as you use safe liquids and a sterilised tool kit, most are not advised to follow at home.

Enemas aren’t recommended because the medical community doesn’t stand in favour of it. Before a person attempts to use a homemade enema, it is best to consult a doctor or medical healthcare professional.

While enemas can be a helpful tool for some people, it is best to use them under a doctor’s supervision. Therefore, in this article, we will understand and get to know which homemade enemas are good to use, which alternatives you can use to help with constipation, and how to use an enema yourself.

An Overview of Enemas 

Enemas are used to battle constipation when your bowel movements are difficult, uncomfortable, and haven’t been passed for a few weeks. 

Typically, if you have had a bowel movement for less than three days a week, you are most likely suffering from constipation.

Occasional constipation isn’t that much of a concern, but some people suffer from chronic constipation, which can interfere with body functions and day to day activities.

Though doctors don’t recommend enemas, it is essential to do so in some situations. The following conditions do require enemas: 

  • Before colonoscopy – an exam is conducted to detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestines and rectum.
  • Before childbirth during pregnancy.
  • Cases of severe constipation in children and older adults.

If you are told to administer an enema at home, ensure that you correctly follow all the prescribed instructions. Even though many people take over-the-counter medicines to relieve their discomfort, a cleansing enema is becoming a popular treatment method in cases of constipation.

Types of Enemas 

There are two types of enemas used and prescribed by doctors or healthcare professionals.

Cleansing Enemas 

Cleansing enemas are water-based and stay in the rectum for a short time to flush your colon. Once injected, they are retained for a few minutes until the body gets rid of it (the fluid) with the hard stool stored in your bowel.

Some of these include the following under the cleansing type;

  • Water or Saline: These are the safest fluids to use and are the least irritating. They are used to expand the colon and promote the process of excretion. 
  • Lemon Juice: Lemon juice mixed with warm, clean water balances the body’s pH and efficiently cleans the colon. 
  • Soap Suds: A mild soap with the least additives to water irritates the bowel mildly, encouraging excretion. 
  • Apple Cider Vinegar: A few claim that mixing apple cider vinegar with clean, warm water can quickly hear the bowel and have healing effects on your digestive system. 


Retention Enemas 

Retention enemas are the opposite of cleansing enemas. They are created to stay in your bowels for an extended period. The period is usually as long as 15 minutes. Retention enemas may be either oil-based or water- as it softens the stools, making it easier to pass them.  

Some of these include the following under retention type;

  • Coffee: The enemas with coffee are a mixture of caffeinated and brewed coffee and water, and are thought to remove bile buildup from the colon. 
  • Herbal: A few people use herbs such as catnip tea, red raspberry leaf, and garlic and mix these with water to create herbal enemas that fight the threat of infections and contain anti-inflammatory benefits. 
  • Mineral Oil: Mineral oil enema works as a lubricator for the waste inside your colon, as it seals its water and promotes the removal of the stool. 

Usage of Enema at Home 

To use an enema, you would need the following material;

  • Enema kit (available at any drug store)
  • A lubricator (petroleum jelly or any other)
  • Towels
  • A proper space to lie down

It would be best to clear up your schedule for a few hours afterwards so that you’re not in a hurry when you perform.

  1. Pull out the nozzle and keep the bottle upright so that that enema doesn’t spill.
  2. Lubricate the nozzle to make the process of insertion easier.
  3. Lie down on your left side on a towel, and bend your knees towards your chest as high as possible.
  4. Once you are in the proper position, gently push the nozzle into your anus. It can be uncomfortable but not painful. If it is not bearable, call a healthcare professional immediately.
  5. When the nozzle is in, squirt the contents in. When you’re done inserting all the liquid, remove the nozzle and keep lying down in the same position.
  6. After the insertion, try to hold the liquid in for some time (approximately 5 minutes).
  7. When you can no longer hold the liquid in, and have a strong urge to use the restroom, go immediately.
  8. It is a wise move to stay near the restroom for an hour after inserting the enema.
  9. If you experience any cramps or lightheadedness, lie down until you feel better.

Safety Overview of Enema

However, the real question that needs to be answered is whether enemas are safe or not? Different types of enema work differently. However, if you use the right enema solution, clean and sterilised tools, then it is safe to use at home.

The primary function of enemas is to ensure the passing of stools. Although they are pretty effective, there is a potential risk of severe effects such as metabolic problems and perforation. In general, they can cause symptoms such as nausea and dehydration. Therefore, it would be best to talk to your doctor or a healthcare professional before doing anything.

In addition, if you plan on using the enema, it’s important not to freestyle and follow all the instructions properly. You must also not take more than one enema in 24 hours. Though enemas are safe, there are a few rare cases where various enemas can pose a life-threatening threat to the heart and kidneys.


In the end, it’s hard to live with chronic constipation as it vastly affects your body and the ability to carry out day to day tasks.

Enemas are a highly pursued option because they can be performed at home and are easy to use. Nevertheless, one should be updated about the possible risks of this experience. Encouraging dangerous substances or unsterilised tools can pose problems such as introducing a harmful infection in the colon. Moreover, it can also damage sensitive organs such as your anus, colon, and rectum.

It is also quite essential to note that enemas shouldn’t be used for anything else other than constipation. There is absolutely no evidence that enemas help with weight loss or help in getting rid of body toxins. Hence, don’t fall for such fraud statements on the internet.  

It would be wise to properly go through the instructions, talk to your doctor or a healthcare professional, and use clean/sterilised tools for the procedure.


How to Stop a Bleeding Tongue: Causes and Treatments for Tongue Injury

How to Stop a Bleeding Tongue: Causes and Treatments for Tongue Injury

The human tongue is an essential organ of the human body. It allows us to talk, helps us break down food, and swallow it properly.

Although the tongue is a muscular organ that contracts and relaxes to perform essential functions such as chewing and talking, its injuries are pretty standard. 

Furthermore, as the tongue receives a constant blood flow, it results in a higher degree of pain if it’s hurt or injured. A tear or cut to the tongue can end up bleeding a lot, though the minor injuries may cure on their own. If you happen to have a bleeding tongue every other day, it would be best to consider it an alarming situation.

Some of these injuries may be small and heal within time, while others may pose a severe matter, and others could be a lifelong health risk. Hence, if the bleeding tongue persists, one must seek medical assistance immediately.

Nevertheless, this article looks at some common causes that can be tended and catered at home and some concerning conditions where you must go and consult a healthcare professional.

Let’s dive in!


Overview of a Tongue Injury 

Before we discuss the serious causes and conditions of a bleeding tongue, let’s get to know the physical/mechanical causes of a bleeding tongue.

One’s tongue could be injured or start bleeding due to various culprits. The causes are as stated down below:

  • Biting it accidentally or intentionally
  • Metal brackets and wires of braces
  • Due to crowns and dentures
  • Broken or chipped teeth
  • Having one or multiple tongue piercings
  • Cutting it on sharp foods or utensils

Whatever the reason for your tongue injury is, it is essential to discover its root causes and stop that bleeding tongue immediately.  

In most cases, slight bleeding is nothing to be concerned about. However, watching out for your symptoms and the degree of pain you are going through would be a wise move.  

Effective Home Remedies for a Bleeding Tongue

If you are dealing with a bleeding tongue, some easy and effective home remedies may provide instant relief and stop the bleeding for good. A few of these remedies include the following listed down below:

  • Place ice-cubes on the affected area 2 to 3 times a day. Ensure that you put the ice cube through a clean napkin or an unused gauze/bandage.
  • Rinse your mouth 3-5 times a day with an antiseptic or a mixture of a teaspoon of baking soda or salt into a cup of warm water.
  • Avoid warm liquids or beverages and spicy food that can irritate the mouth or worsen/ trigger a sore mouth or ulcer.
  • Take an over-the-counter painkiller to decrease the pain and reduce swelling.
  • Let the tongue heal and get better on its own instead of poking or eating on the sore side. It will only worsen the condition.

Causes and Treatments of a Tongue Injury 

If you have tried every possible home remedy but still can’t seem to have your bleeding tongue come under control, you might be going through any chronic or infectious causes.

1. Oral Herpes 

Oral herpes is defined as a contagious condition caused by the herpes simplex virus. The majority of the cases are from the HSV-1.

Since the infection is contagious, it spreads through kissing or oral sex. One can also get caught up by contact with the objects shared with a person suffering from oral herpes. This virus can survive in the human body for years and go unnoticed. However, factors such as stress and hormonal changes can trigger it.

Symptoms of oral herpes include:

  • Rash or a blister filled with fluid that pops open and becomes sore
  • Pain and redness
  • Itching and a burning sensation inside and outside the mouth


For now, there is no cure for oral herpes. However, it is manageable through medications. Primary treatment includes antiviral medications and topical creams. Contact your doctor if the symptoms keep worsening.

2. Disorder of the Blood Vessels 

A percentage of individuals develop a collection of excess blood vessels called hemangiomas. They appear on the face, head, mouth or neck and tend to appear at the time of birth.

Though it is rare, tongue hemangiomas can cause pain, bleeding, and difficulty eating. If it poses a concerning health risk, the doctor might recommend the surgery option.


As for tongue hemangiomas, various treatment options are available, depending on the person’s age and physical condition. Some of these include:

  • Surgery
  • Laser treatment
  • Radiation treatment

In some cases, tongue hemangiomas may fade entirely with time.

3. Ulcers

Mouth ulcers are known as stomatitis or canker sores. These are white, tiny sores that appear in the mouth, including the tongue.

Even though they are pretty painful, they rarely cause any concern. However, at times there can be red and large ulcers that are much more painful and harder to get rid of.


Fortunately, ulcers don’t require any special medical attention. They commonly clear up on their own in a week or two. Your doctor may recommend some pain killers, but you can follow the following tips to ensure a speedy recovery:

  • Brushing teeth with a soft toothbrush
  • Avoid chewing gums and crunchy or hard to eat food items
  • Eating a balanced diet
  • Drinking or eating room temperature foods and drinks

4. Tongue Cancer 

The persistent appearance of a mouth ulcer might be an indication of cancer. Over time, the ulcer becomes hard and expands. Not only that, but these ulcers bleed and hurt.

Cancer on the top of the tongue is defined as oral cancer or the cancer of the mouth. And if the cancer is on the underside of the tongue, it’s known as oropharyngeal cancer, aka the middle throat’s cancer.

Some symptoms of tongue cancer are:

  • The appearance of lumps on the tongue that bleed easily when bitten or touched
  • Unexplained bleeding of the tongue
  • A feeling of numbness and soreness in the mouth
  • A sore spot or lump on the tongue


As with most cancers, the condition and stage will determine how they will be treated. Some of the treatment options are as stated:

  • Surgery is performed to remove the tumour and other regions where it has spread
  • Destruction of cancer cells through radiation therapy
  • Specific drugs are used to destroy the cancer cells through chemotherapy


A bleeding tongue isn’t much of a concern. In most cases, a tongue injury occurs due to physical or mechanical causes.

Nonetheless, if it doesn’t seem to get better and continues to bleed and worsen, it would be best to immediately seek medical assistance. Only a healthcare professional would be able to detect if your bleeding tongue is because of an underlying health issue or not.

If your symptoms have lasted for more than 2 to 3 weeks, meet a doctor. It would be an excellent move to keep track of your symptoms so you can communicate with the professional better and have a specific treatment plan to follow.

Endometriosis Symptoms: What Are They? How Can You Treat Them?

Endometriosis Symptoms: What Are They? How Can You Treat Them?


Endometriosis is a painful disorder where a similar tissue like the one that lines inside a uterus happens to grow outside. The lining of the uterus is known as the endometrium.

Endometriosis typically involves the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the tissues lining the pelvis region. It’s uncommon for this tissue to spread beyond the pelvis region, but it is not impossible. These tissues are known as endometrial tissue, and this tissue growing outside the uterus is known as the endometrial plant.

Specific changes in the hormonal activity of your menstrual cycle affect the misplaced endometrial tissue, making the area swollen, inflamed, and painful. Hence, the tissue will grow, thicken, and eventually tear/break apart. Finally, it will have nowhere to go and become trapped in the pelvis region.

The tissue trapped in the pelvis region can cause the following conditions to happen:

  • When endometriosis involves the ovaries, it can cause cysts known as Endometriomas
  • Irritation
  • Formation of scar tissues
  • Adhesions – bands of fibrous tissues that cause to bind the organs and tissues together
  • Fertility issues
  • Unbearable menstrual pain during the cycle

Therefore, this article will examine the symptoms, causes, risk factors, complications, and possibly effective treatment plans.

So let’s get started!

Symptoms of Endometriosis 


There are different symptoms of endometriosis. Some people experience mild symptoms, while others experience regular to severe symptoms. In some cases, there is a possibility that some might not even go through any symptoms.

The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain and is often associated with the menstrual cycle. Although most women experience cramps, those with endometriosis- their description of period pain is way worse than usual. In addition, this degree of pain may increase over time.

It is also important to note that the degree of your pain isn’t supposed to match the severity of your condition. For example, one could have a mild form of the inflicted disease but could be going through painful symptoms.

Aside from the general pelvic pain, you may go through the following symptoms too:

  • Painful periods accompanied by severe back pain
  • Bad cramps around 1 or 2 weeks of the cycle and abdominal pain
  • Feeling uncomfortable and pain during sexual intercourse
  • Discomfort with bowel movements and urination
  • Infertility issues

Causes of Endometriosis

The exact cause of endometriosis is uncertain. Doctors haven’t cracked or discovered any reliable reasons why it occurs. However, theories over the years have been presented to know why it happens, but none of them is scientifically proven.

Retrograde Menstruation

In retrograde menstruation, it is said that menstrual blood that has the endometrial cells flows back by the fallopian tubes and into the pelvis region instead of going out of the body. These cells stick to pelvic walls, where they grow, thicken and bleed throughout each cycle.

Surgical Scars   

After an inevitable surgery, for example, C-section or Hysterectomy, it’s possible for the period of blood to leak in the pelvic cavity because of the endometrial cells that may attach themselves to the surgery scar/incision.

Transportation of the Endometrial Cells 

Another theory is that the endometrial cells are transported out of the uterus through the lymphatic system. However, another theory claims that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognise the tissue growing.

Apart from the theories claimed and stated, some people say that the development of endometriosis could also be linked to environmental factors and genetics.

Risk Factors and Complications of Endometriosis  

Several risk factors put one at more risk than others of developing endometriosis. Some of these include the following:

  • Never given birth
  • Disorders of the reproductive tract
  • One or more relatives have endometriosis
  • Any medical condition that prevents the passage of blood during periods
  • Heavy bleeding of the menstrual cycle lasts more than seven days

As for the complications, the conditions below could pose a life-long problem for some people.


Unfortunately, having issues with one’s fertility is one of the significant complications of endometriosis. Only those with milder cases can conceive and carry a successful term, while others have difficulty getting pregnant.

However, a few success stories show women could conceive after the complete removal of the scar tissue. If you cannot create even after having the tissue removed, you could go for options such as IVF to improve the chances of having a baby.

It would be best to talk to a doctor or a healthcare professional to have better guidance on the whole case. 


It is claimed that ovarian cancer occurs at a higher rate in endometriosis. However, the overall risk of ovarian cancer is low, to begin with. Endometriosis-associated adenocarcinoma; is a rare type of cancer that can deepen its root in those who happen to have endometriosis.

Treatment of Endometriosis

Endometriosis can interfere with your daily activities if left untreated. However, some medical and surgical options are available to manage the symptoms. Since everyone has different symptoms, your doctor will prescribe the best options according to your condition.

  • Medications: You might be advised to help overcome the pain if your symptoms aren’t that severe. 
  • Hormonal Therapy: Taking some supplementary hormones can relieve the pain and halt the spread of endometriosis.
  • Hysterectomy: This is a last-resort surgery- that will be recommended if the other treatment options go in vain. During this surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus and cervix. However, there are two types of surgery depending on the condition. 

Although hysterectomy is an option, it is not regarded as a cure. It is not taken as a treatment as after the surgery, one would be unable to get pregnant. If you’re thinking of starting a family, it would be best to discuss other options before agreeing to the surgery.


Endometriosis is when the tissue resembling the one in the uterus starts developing in other areas, especially the pelvis area. It is a chronic disease that is yet to discover its causes. Moreover, it doesn’t seem to have a cure. 


However, if you happen to feel that you are going through the symptoms mentioned above in the article, it would be best to seek medical help or talk to a healthcare professional.

Through the help of effective treatment plans, one’s symptoms and pain are manageable. Consult a doctor or a healthcare professional and seek better guidance for your case, as they would be able to come up with a specific plan according to the symptoms and the degree of pain you’re going through.


Secondary Infertility: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis & Treatment

Secondary Infertility: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis & Treatment

Secondary infertility is much like all the other types of infertility that happen and often bears the same signs and symptoms. However, it occurs only in couples who have successfully had a natural pregnancy term, without any fertility problems throughout.

However, if we talk about primary infertility, it is not getting pregnant after a year or six months of trying when you are 35 or above.

In secondary fertility cases, it is essential to have had conception before. The first term ended in proper childbirth, or a miscarriage doesn’t count. Most couples (who have had a successful period) have difficulty accepting that there are problems with their fertility. Therefore, they delay their trips to have a proper checkup.

In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and the possible treatment options available to cater for a secondary infertility case.

Causes of Secondary Fertility

Before discussing the causes of secondary fertility in-depth, one must remember that women are not always to blame when dealing with conception problems. Both men and women can contribute to infertility and its issues.

Some of the causes that can happen with both men and women are:

  • Dealing with sexually transmitted diseases
  • Inflammatory diseases, gynaecological issues, problems with the menstrual cycle of women
  • Reduced number, issues with the shape and movement of sperm in men

The exact causes of secondary infertility are as stated down below.

Disorders with Ovulation 

The majority of female infertility is mainly blamed on ovulation disorders. Problems with ovulation are caused due to various conditions. Some of them are:

  • Decreased production of the egg due to factors such as age.
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Disorders that affect hormonal activity
  • Environmental factors

The most typical causes of all that lead to infertility are PCOS. PCOS is a condition where the ovaries produce an alarming amount of androgens- which are male sex hormones present in women in a small quantity.

This can cause cysts to appear, which may further damage the function of ovaries, hence interfering with the ovulation process. Nevertheless, the good news is that PCOS is treatable, and with the medications prescribed, the results may give birth to successful pregnancies in the future.

Common symptoms of PCOS include:

  1. Irregular periods
  2. Weight Gain
  3. Difficulty getting pregnant


Blockage of the Fallopian Tubes

Structural problems such as the blocking of the Fallopian tubes can affect your chances of getting pregnant.

In cases of the blockage of Fallopian tubes, the sperm and egg can’t meet to form an egg. Such blockage occurs due to pelvic region area infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Conditions such as endometriosis are where the fallopian tubes are affected.

Symptoms and signs that one may be suffering from blocked fallopian tubes are:

  • General pelvic pain
  • Painful sex
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge accompanied by an odour

It is crucial to mention endometriosis because it affects many women, causing the rate of pregnancies to fall.

Problems with the Uterus 

Many interlinked problems with the uterus can invite secondary infertility to knock on one’s door.

If one has had a C-section (caesarean delivery) done with a previous pregnancy, scarring is possible in the uterus, known as intrauterine adhesions. An intrauterine adhesion can cause inflammation-occurring in the uterus that eventually affects the process of plantation.

Symptoms of such scar tissues caused by a C-section can manifest the following signs to occur in the affected women:

  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • A feeling of tightness in the lower abdomen

Working the abdominal muscles can also result in severe difficulty. Moreover, this can further lead one to constantly be a victim of back pain and an overwhelming feeling of weakness. Other reasons could be some unexplainable reasons, age, weight, etc.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Going through such issues can be scary and not welcoming, especially since you conceived on the first try without much hassle. However, one must realise that a proper diagnosis is the first step to ensure a suitable treatment plan.

To find out the point of contention or the cause of infertility, your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Pelvic Exam
  • Blood tests to examine the hormonal levels
  • Testes to view the cervix and uterus
  • X-rays to view the Fallopian tubes

If your tests don’t raise any concern, the focus will shift to male infertility. Women are checked first due to the majority of cases being of female infertility. Nevertheless, if the cause is detected, the doctor will develop the best treatment depending on the factors.

The treatment plans vastly range from medications/drugs to surgery. However, below are the most typical methods used to deal with secondary fertility. 

  • Medications: Usually, the go-to options for treatment are medications. Medicines are primarily used to normalise the activity of hormones. Clomid is an oral medication responsible for stimulating hormones that produce eggs in women. 

  • Surgery: In a few cases, surgery is needed to counterattack infertility. Uterine surgery eliminates unwanted growth like scar tissue that impacts fertility. Though surgery may sound scary, it is seen as an encouraging move once you realise it may resolve your fertility issues. 

  • IVF: IVF is a procedure where the eggs are retrieved via surgery from the uterus, fertilised in a lab with sperm, and then transferred back into the uterus. 

Aside from the IVF, in cases of men, IUI is preferred. IUI is a procedure in which the sperm is directly injected into the woman’s uterus. This option is pursued by men who have a low sperm count or have a poor quality of sperm.



Secondary infertility can be emotionally draining for you, your partner, and your loved ones. It is essential not to blame each other and work together towards this problem. 

Talk to a healthcare professional or a doctor to gain better guidance towards the whole issue. Consulting your doctor or seeking medical aid would help you get on the right path and help you discover your possible options. 

You shouldn’t forget to stay strong and rely on your shoulders whenever you feel like it. You could also search for success stories and keep in mind to not lose hope. Remember, it is okay to go through fertility issues, as it can happen to almost any couple out there. With the technology constantly improving, there will be many more options available in the future, such as IVF. 

Hence, stay strong and try to reach out for professional help and not delay your checkups, as most couples fear the thought of visiting the doctors.


Fallopian Tube Problems: Blockage, Salpingitis, Hydrosalpinx

Fallopian Tube Problems: Blockage, Salpingitis, Hydrosalpinx


Fallopian tubes, also known as the uterine tubes and oviducts, are the female structures of the body responsible for the ova’s transportation from the uterus every month.

Eggs pass from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes and then to the uterus. As for the female reproductive tract, there is a single ovary and a fallopian tube on each side of the uterus. In the presence of sperm and fertilisation, the fallopian tubes take the fertilised egg to the uterus for the process of implantation to take place.

It is vital to note that the fallopian tube is essential for the female reproductive system. They are the direct pathways for the egg cells to go from the ovaries to the uterus. Hence, without these tubes or any disorders in them, it would be nearly impossible to get pregnant or carry a successful term.

The blockage of the fallopian tubes is one of the main reasons or causes that lead to female infertility. If any part of this tube is damaged due to an infection or a specific surgery, there could be blockage because of scar tissue.

Therefore, this article will discuss the different disorders such as blockage, how they affect the tubes, and when to seek medical help.

So let’s get started!

Fallopian Tube Blockage

If a fallopian tube is blocked, it is most likely that the passageway of the sperm reaches the eggs – and the way back to the uterus to the fertilised egg is blocked too.

Symptoms of Fallopian Tube Blockage

In most cases, blocked fallopian tube blockage doesn’t cause any alarming symptoms that one can catch on easily. Many women don’t even realise that they have blocked fallopian tubes until they go through the following:

  • Get pregnant
  • Problems regarding conception
  • Suffer mild to regular pain in the abdomen region

However, a blocked fallopian tube may cause some women to experience pain in the belly or pelvis area. They might have this pain during their periods, or it could be that this might be constant.

Sometimes, blocked fallopian tubes can lead to chronic to mild pain in one side of the abdomen. This type of blockage of the uterine tubes is better known as hydrosalpinx – a condition where fluid fills and enlarges the blocked tube. We will discuss this in-depth later in the article.

At other times, a blocked fallopian tube can cause a fertilised egg to get stuck, known as ectopic pregnancy. Women who believe they may be undergoing ectopic pregnancy – going through symptoms such as one-sided stomach and vaginal bleeding, then you must seek medical help immediately.

Causes of Fallopian Tube Blockage

There can be an array of reasons why some percentages of women end up with a blocked fallopian tube. Some of them are:

  • Have a history of issues in the pelvic region
  • Have contracted a sexually transmitted disease such as gonorrhoea
  • Have a history of surgeries performed in the pelvic area

Such problems can affect the fallopian tubes and cause scar tissue. These scar tissues, in turn, can block the tubes.


Salpingitis is the inflammation of the fallopian tubes and a type of PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). It is regarded as the infection of the reproductive organs of the body. Such infections are usually a result of sexually transmitted diseases.

The inflammation caused can quickly affect the other tube, thus leaving both the tubes to be affected. If Salpingitis isn’t paid attention to, it causes long term complications in women. Hence, it is vital to understand and know the symptoms to seek medical attention immediately.

Symptoms of Salpingitis

If one happens to be affected by Salpingitis, it may be possible that it has no symptoms at all. However, some women go through symptoms such as continuous pain in the pelvic region, fever, and feeling unwell.

Salpingitis requires compulsory and immediate antibiotic treatment since it can transition into a chronic disease. If the other symptoms of Salpingitis happen to be present, they may include the following:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge along with an unusual colour and odour
  • Spotting between periods
  • Painful sex, ovulation, and menstrual cycle
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain on both sides
  • Lower back pain
  • Frequent urination

Causes of Salpingitis

Salpingitis is caused by bacterial infections that contract due to vaginal intercourse, but one is more at risk if:

  • They have had an STI before
  • They are engaging in sexual activities with numerous partners
  • They have performed unprotected sex

It is also essential to remember that Salpingitis can be acute or chronic. If one’s case is beyond saving, they face infertility, tubo-ovarian abscess, and ectopic pregnancy.


To make this easier – “hydro” means “water”, and “salpinx” means the fallopian tube. Hydrosalpinx is defined as a fallopian tube that is blocked due to a watery fluid. 

The fluid stays or accumulates there because of acute or chronic inflammation happening in the tube. The condition is normally caused by a previous infection of the pelvic region or a sexually transmitted disease.

Nevertheless, it can have a massive impact on a pregnancy term, as discussed below.

Symptoms of Hydrosalpinx

There aren’t many symptoms of hydrosalpinx to begin with. Most women don’t even know that they are affected until they can’t have kids since hydrosalpinx directly affects fertility. However, some of the symptoms that appear are:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Flu-like symptoms

Nonetheless, if one of the tubes has been affected with hydrosalpinx, it is possible to conceive with the other open one tube if it’s healthy. However, given the delicate environment of the uterus – hydrosalpinx will most likely affect it, causing a low pregnancy rate.

Causes of Hydrosalpinx

There are a bunch of several reasons as to why hydrosalpinx may happen. However, some of the commonest ones of them are listed down below:

  • STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections)
  • PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
  • Recent abdominal surgery
  • Endometriosis

Again, ectopic pregnancy or constant pain in the pelvic region are indications that hint towards one possibly having hydrosalpinx.


It would be better to stay on the safe side and be updated about one’s medical history when planning a pregnancy. Even though blocked fallopian tubes can cause infertility in most cases, it is still possible to give birth and carry a successful pregnancy term.

 In most cases, the doctor would advise laparoscopic surgery. This is a surgery where the blockage is removed, and one would have better fertility. However, if the damage done is grave, IVF could also be an option to pursue.

In the cases of Salpingitis and hydrosalpinx, with early diagnosis and effective treatment options, they can fully clear out through antibiotics. Nonetheless, if left untreated, they can result in health complications such as ectopic pregnancy and infertility.

One must immediately contact a doctor or seek professional medical help if they happen to experience the symptoms mentioned in the article for some time being.