How to Manage Weight Safely During and After Pregnancy

How to Manage Weight Safely During and After Pregnancy


Having the honour of being pregnant and becoming a mom is truly an unmatched feeling and a blessing. Ensuring that the little one is fed and comfortable is all that a mom strives for. 


However, being pregnant and after giving birth changes the body completely, and there is nothing too out of the box for that. You have carried a human being for nine tiring months, and it’s only natural that the body changes to adjust accordingly.


Most new moms find their waist and hips wider, softer belly, various stretch marks over the skin, and wish to get in shape almost immediately after giving birth. Nevertheless, achieving a healthy post-baby weight loss can be a struggle. Taking care of the baby, then looking after you, recovering from childbirth is a lot. 


Therefore, in today’s article, we have narrowed down some ways you can become fit and in shape again while doing it in the healthiest way possible. 


Overview of Weight Loss after Pregnancy 


Nonetheless, before discussing the tips and ways to safely tackle your weight and go back to the weight you had before, one must have a detailed overview and know the safety measures. 


Even though maintaining your weight alongside a newborn can be frustrating and time-consuming, you must not completely neglect yourself. If you do this, you won’t be able to get pregnant again.  


It is equally important that you are patient enough with yourself. You might have seen your favourite celebrity lose weight almost immediately after delivering her child, but that shouldn’t dishearten you. Although you might feel as if there’s something wrong with you for some time, there isn’t. 


Going on strict diets and losing all that baby weight almost immediately can be disastrous for your post-pregnancy body. Instead, you can opt for the methods and tips mentioned below to lose that unwanted weight whilst being healthy.  


Methods and Ways to Lose Weight after Pregnancy 


If you are someone who has recently delivered, then this section of the entire article might be the most awaited one. 


It is safe to follow these rules and methods, but if you still have doubts by the end of this article or aren’t comfortable enough, it would help if you talked to a healthcare professional. 


Set goals that are achievable.


In short, set goals that are realistic and are going to prove fruitful in the long run. It would be best if you didn’t run after plans that support drastic weight loss and can only be achieved through some unhealthy ways. 


No matter what the celebrity magazines say, losing that unwanted baby weight after pregnancy takes time. 


It is understood that the woman’s body becomes extra fragile after giving birth and she is advised proper rest and relaxing time before she even thinks of shedding all of that weight. 


If you’re breastfeeding, then a calorie deficit diet would be too harsh and may affect the quality and quantity of your milk supply. 


Don’t skip your meals or crash diets.


Crash diets are dangerously low-calorie diets that help you lose a large amount of weight in a short amount of time. 


After giving birth, your body needs nutritious food to heal, recover, and return to how it was before pregnancy. On the other hand, a calorie deficit diet will cut back on those vital nutrients and leave you tired and more sleep-deprived than usual. 


Therefore, it is better to stick to a balanced diet, utilise all that energy for your little one, and do adequate exercise recommended by your doctor.


Have a partner that supports you.


Trying to lose weight alone is hard and can be frustrating if there is nobody to cheer you on.


Your partner should be supportive enough that you would be comfortable enough to discuss your weight loss goals and diet plans. Your goal should be to eliminate all that weight by cutting off unhealthy and junk food. 


If possible, you could also get your partner to do this with you and help him lose some weight or help him eat healthier. You could also do exercises together, such as walking or going on occasional strolls. 


Breastfeed the child.


Breastfeeding is said to help women lose weight after giving birth and does it way quicker than following any diet plans. You may not see the results in the first few months, but they will appear soon. The key is to stay patient and steadfast. 


Breastfeeding your baby for the first six months has many benefits stored for you and your little one. The following are some of them:


  • Provides with Nutrition: For the first few months, breastfeeding milk is what the baby requires the most. Breast milk contains all the nutrients that the little one needs to grow and thrive.   


  • Strengthens the baby’s immune system: A mother’s breast milk has various antibodies that aid your baby in fighting against bacteria and viruses. 


  • Reduces the risk of disease in babies: Babies who are breastfed have lower and decreased chances of asthma, ear infections, respiratory disease, and many more. 


  • Reduces the risk of disease in mothers: Mothers who breastfeed their kids have lower chances of having health problems such as ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and high blood pressure. 


Drink plenty of water and sleep well.


Water is vital to anyone trying to shed those extra pounds. Drinking enough water will keep you hydrated, aid in weight loss, and put your induced cravings at bay. It will also boost your metabolism. 


Nevertheless, water is essential for breastfeeding mums as the extra water is produced in milk. Drinking at least 2 to 3 litres of water may be good, but it would be best to talk to your doctor and set a proper water intake. 


Having a good sleep cycle is significant as well. Even though you might not get proper sleep due to your little one crying and whining from time to time, instead of retaining that baby weight, try to take small naps while the baby sleeps. You can even ask friends and family to lend some help.  




Losing that baby weight may seem complicated, but it is not impossible. By adhering to the tips and methods mentioned in the article, you will lose that weight most healthily. 


If you were already in great shape and following a healthy diet, the chances are that you’ll lose that weight in no time and go back to your pre-baby body shape. 


Listen to your body’s needs, rest well, exercise regularly, and be right back on track. Getting back to the weight you had before is highly important to safeguard future pregnancies. 


If you happen to be stuck and don’t understand anything, it’s okay. You can always talk to your doctor to clear any further queries. 


Severe Bloating During Ovulation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Severe Bloating During Ovulation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments


Before we discuss or deep dive into the details of severe bloating during ovulation, let’s first understand the process of ovulation. 

Ovulation is defined as the process where some hormonal changes trigger the appearance of a mature egg that is released from the ovary. After being released from the ovary, it travels down to the fallopian tubes, where it waits to be fertilized by a sperm.  

Generally stated, the process of ovulation begins a week or two prior to one’s monthly cycle. At times, the process of ovulation can happen more than once within the month or not occur at all, even if the menstruation takes place. Thus, this is why tracking the time of ovulation can be confusing.  

Some women experience heightened sensations in their senses, a good boost of energy and happy vibes all over. But, on the contrary, some women experience bloating, swelling of the breasts, and abdominal pain. Severe bloating can be uncomfortable and falter one’s self-confidence. Thus it should be essential to know what can be done to avoid it or treat it.  

In this article, we will look at the symptom of ovulation, i.e. severe bloating, its causes, symptoms, how it affects women during ovulation, and the possible treatment options or changes that can aid in making it bearable. 

Overview of Severe Bloating during Ovulation 

Before getting to know the causes, and symptoms, let’s get to learn more about what exactly bloating is and the causes of severe bloating during ovulation. 

In simple words, bloating is when the stomach feels tight and full, usually due to gas. However, the severe bloating during the ovulation process is when a woman experiences bloating just before her period begins.  

Other than severe bloating, women also go through the following; better known as PMS symptoms. 

  • Swollen Breasts
  • Food Cravings
  • Backaches/Headaches
  • Constant tiredness
  • Mood swings
  • Cramps
  • Outbreaks/Acne

Causes of Severe Bloating during Ovulation 

Just before beginning a woman’s period cycle, the hormones are at their full play. Thus, experiencing bloating happens due to the changes in the sex hormones. These hormones are known as estrogen and progesterone. 

Just about a week before a woman’s period starts, the levels of the sex hormone; progesterone fall. The reduced progesterone levels cause the uterine lining to shed, thus causing the monthly period. 

Since the progesterone levels fall, the estrogen levels rise, possibly causing a woman’s body to retain more water. Due to the retaining of more water in the body, the body cells also become swollen due to water, enhancing the feeling of bloating. 

Such hormones are also responsible for the following changes in a woman’s mood:

  • Craving certain foods that usually have weird food combos. 
  • Constant headaches. 
  • Sensitive digestive tract. 
  • Such water retention and craving for food can result in some weight gain. 

Symptoms of Severe Bloating during Ovulation 

As far as the symptoms of bloating during ovulation are concerned, some women don’t go through them. However, one can watch out for some of the physical signs that may help identify whether you’re going through the process of ovulation. 

Ovulation Pain (Mittelschmerz)  

A small percentage of women go through ovarian pain during or before ovulation. It is known as the pain in the pelvic and lower abdomen region. The intensity and duration of the pain you’re going through could vary. 

Ovarian pain is associated with the growth of the follicle that is holding the maturing egg as it continues to stretch the surface of the ovary. Often described as a pop or twinge, this pain happens in any ovaries, and the location may vary. 

Other Symptoms 

Other symptoms of such severe bloating during ovulation are as mentioned below:

  • Changes in vaginal discharge may be thicker, stretchy, wet, and transparent. You might spot it in your underwear. 
  • Changes in body temperature- the body temperature is said to rise a bit after ovulation. Hence one must check their temperature often throughout; if one’s trying to get pregnant.  

Aside from the ovulation bloating and symptoms stated, other signs or secondary symptoms of ovulation are:

  • Increased sex drive
  • Cramping episodes 
  • Light Spotting

Difference between Ovulation Bloating and Premenstrual Bloating 

One of the simplest ways to determine whether you are going through premenstrual bloating and ovulation bloating is to track your monthly cycle. 

Premenstrual bloating begins after the ovulation, starting a week before your period and lasting a week after. On the other hand, ovulation bloating marks its appearance somewhere during the middle of your cycle, a few days before ovulation. 

Treatment Plan: Tips to Manage Severe Bloating 

A woman can make quite a lifestyle change that will immensely help her bloating issues. Following the ones mentioned below would bring effective results. 

  • Drink massive amounts of water during the day. 
  • Avoid the consumption of junk food. Avoiding junk food would decrease the concentration of salt, which is one of the main reasons for bloating. 
  • Eat potassium-rich foods as it avoids water retention. Not eating potassium-rich foods leaves the body clinging to salty foods. Including foods such as bananas and potatoes will ease the symptoms. 
  • Eating magnesium also aids in relieving uncomfortable bloating and controlling water retention. 
  • Working out properly throughout the month and performing aerobic exercises are beneficial for such causes.
  • Try diuretics. Diuretics increase urine production, thus making the body lose excess water and controlling water retention. 
  • If you don’t like working out, you could go for yoga or stretching. 


In the end, it must be mentioned that only some, but not all, women go through ovulation bloating. However, those who do may have to put up with various conditions that might be uncomfortable and unwanted. However, they can be handled if one makes the right choices and alters their lifestyle options slightly. 

If you are trying to get pregnant, ovulation predictor kits would be pretty helpful. Nevertheless, one should not use them for an extended period, especially when the couple cannot conceive and get pregnant.

If you are going through such symptoms, it would be best to try making some lifestyle changes before consulting a doctor. However, if your symptoms don’t seem to get better even after making specific changes, then you must consult a doctor immediately. There could be some other underlying medical issue at hand. 


Blighted Ovum: Causes, Symptoms, and How To Treat It

Blighted Ovum: Causes, Symptoms, and How To Treat It


This article would prove helpful if you have recently come across this term or your doctor has told you that you have experienced a blighted ovum.


A blighted ovum, also known as an anembryonic pregnancy, is a condition when a fertilised egg successfully implants into the uterus lining, but it fails to develop into an embryo. Although the placenta and embryonic sac form, they remain empty, and no baby is growing inside the womb. This condition is also known as anembryonic gestation.


An anembryonic pregnancy is one of the leading causes of miscarriage detected in certain pregnancies. This is because even though no embryo develops, the placenta still produces hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) – the pregnancy hormone that maintains the pregnancy throughout.


Since urine and blood pregnancy tests detect human chorionic gonadotropin, a blighted ovum can result in a positive pregnancy test, even though the pregnancy isn’t progressing. You may have the typical early pregnancy symptoms such as feeling nausea and sore breasts, but the hormone levels decrease, and the symptoms fade with time.


Therefore, this article will examine the symptoms, causes, and where to find support if you happen to be undergoing a blighted ovum.


Causes of Blighted Ovum 


Now that we have a brief on the topic and what it is about, let’s discuss what causes/triggers its appearance.


If you have suffered a blighted ovum, rest assured that there was nothing that you could have done to avoid it. The causes of blighted ovum have nothing to do with what you did before or after being pregnant.


Unfortunately, there is no exact cause of blighted ovum. Researchers are still invested and are trying to find what causes it. However, a few sources claim that this condition could happen due to some issue in the chromosomes.


Some claim that a blighted ovum pregnancy happens due to chromosomal abnormalities that occur within the fertilised egg. This could be due to the influence of genetics or even because of the poor quality of sperms. However, constant blighted ovum pregnancies can be due to problems in chromosome 9. Therefore it would be best to talk to your doctor. 


The reason why it often goes unrecognised is that it occurs pretty early. As far as blighted ovum pregnancies go, most women go through the following:


  • Happen to have quite successful terms and babies after going through an anembryonic pregnancy.
  • Go through such pregnancies either during their first time or more than once.


Symptoms of Blighted Ovum 


Just as mentioned before, a blighted ovum pregnancy can happen without even knowing. In the same way, it can end without you even realising that you were once pregnant. However, you may experience some pregnancy symptoms such as:


  • A positive pregnancy test
  • A missed period
  • Sore breasts
  • Morning sickness


As the pregnancy ends, the symptoms begin to resemble a miscarriage. Such symptoms include the following:


  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • The disappearance of sore breasts
  • Abdominal cramping that could be mild to moderate


Pregnancy tests measure the pregnancy hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin. Hence, a blighted ovum pregnancy continues until the term ends.  


If you are experiencing any of these signs, you may be going through a miscarriage. Therefore, it is vital to see a doctor or a healthcare professional.


Diagnosis of Blighted Ovum 


Going through the symptoms of a blighted ovum pregnancy can really put women in a rough spot. Nevertheless, a blighted ovum is often first discovered in an ultrasound during an appointment.


This is tough for women, especially those with successful pregnancy terms and who have heartfelt experiences during ultrasound testing.  


The sonogram will show the placenta, and an empty embryonic sac, indicating a blighted ovum pregnancy in the 8th to 13th weeks of the pregnancy term.


Treatment of Blighted Ovum 


If a blighted ovum pregnancy comes across during an ultrasound check-up, or if you have been experiencing any of the symptoms – the doctor may advise any of the following treatment options:


1. Dilation and Curettage (D&C) 


Dilation and Curettage is a surgical option that helps remove the contents of the uterus. During this surgical treatment, the doctor or healthcare professional will dilate the cervix and use specific medical tools to eliminate the pregnancy tissues. This operation either happens under general anaesthesia or sedation.


2. Natural Miscarriage   


Your doctor will ask you to follow the natural miscarriage process if it is a safe treatment option. Your body will eventually end up releasing the pregnancy tissues. You will go through cramping, intense abdominal pain, and bleeding once the miscarriage starts. It can take up to days to weeks for this process to begin.


3. Induced Miscarriage 


In this treatment option, you’ll have a medicine induced miscarriage. For this process to occur, a medication named Misoprostol brings on a miscarriage. The medicine speeds the process instead of just waiting for it to begin. You’ll experience bleeding, cramping and abdominal pain within thirty minutes to ten hours after taking the medication.


Keep in mind that your mental health, medical history, and current emotional state is kept in check when coming up with a suitable treatment option.




A blighted ovum pregnancy can take a toll on the women who go through it. Even though there is no baby, it is still a pregnancy loss.


Not only are such pregnancies emotionally draining, but they can take a reasonable amount of time to finish and can be longer than anticipated. That is why some women prefer to get rid of it surgically or through medicines. On the other hand, some women wait for the pregnancy to fade with time.


It is essential to note that a blighted ovum pregnancy isn’t something one can keep on the bay. Therefore, if you’re worried that a condition like that could affect your plans, it would help if you talked to your doctor about genetic causes.


Talk to your partner, look up success stories, or even reconnect with the hobbies and people you love to improve yourself emotionally. 


Going through a blighted ovum during your first pregnancy can be an intense hope crusher. However, it is crucial not to let it get to you and give your body time to heal. Women who experience blighted ovum pregnancies go on to have successful terms as well.


Secondary Infertility: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis & Treatment

Secondary Infertility: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis & Treatment

Secondary infertility is much like all the other types of infertility that happen and often bears the same signs and symptoms. However, it occurs only in couples who have successfully had a natural pregnancy term, without any fertility problems throughout.

However, if we talk about primary infertility, it is not getting pregnant after a year or six months of trying when you are 35 or above.

In secondary fertility cases, it is essential to have had conception before. The first term ended in proper childbirth, or a miscarriage doesn’t count. Most couples (who have had a successful period) have difficulty accepting that there are problems with their fertility. Therefore, they delay their trips to have a proper checkup.

In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and the possible treatment options available to cater for a secondary infertility case.

Causes of Secondary Fertility

Before discussing the causes of secondary fertility in-depth, one must remember that women are not always to blame when dealing with conception problems. Both men and women can contribute to infertility and its issues.

Some of the causes that can happen with both men and women are:

  • Dealing with sexually transmitted diseases
  • Inflammatory diseases, gynaecological issues, problems with the menstrual cycle of women
  • Reduced number, issues with the shape and movement of sperm in men

The exact causes of secondary infertility are as stated down below.

Disorders with Ovulation 

The majority of female infertility is mainly blamed on ovulation disorders. Problems with ovulation are caused due to various conditions. Some of them are:

  • Decreased production of the egg due to factors such as age.
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Disorders that affect hormonal activity
  • Environmental factors

The most typical causes of all that lead to infertility are PCOS. PCOS is a condition where the ovaries produce an alarming amount of androgens- which are male sex hormones present in women in a small quantity.

This can cause cysts to appear, which may further damage the function of ovaries, hence interfering with the ovulation process. Nevertheless, the good news is that PCOS is treatable, and with the medications prescribed, the results may give birth to successful pregnancies in the future.

Common symptoms of PCOS include:

  1. Irregular periods
  2. Weight Gain
  3. Difficulty getting pregnant


Blockage of the Fallopian Tubes

Structural problems such as the blocking of the Fallopian tubes can affect your chances of getting pregnant.

In cases of the blockage of Fallopian tubes, the sperm and egg can’t meet to form an egg. Such blockage occurs due to pelvic region area infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Conditions such as endometriosis are where the fallopian tubes are affected.

Symptoms and signs that one may be suffering from blocked fallopian tubes are:

  • General pelvic pain
  • Painful sex
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge accompanied by an odour

It is crucial to mention endometriosis because it affects many women, causing the rate of pregnancies to fall.

Problems with the Uterus 

Many interlinked problems with the uterus can invite secondary infertility to knock on one’s door.

If one has had a C-section (caesarean delivery) done with a previous pregnancy, scarring is possible in the uterus, known as intrauterine adhesions. An intrauterine adhesion can cause inflammation-occurring in the uterus that eventually affects the process of plantation.

Symptoms of such scar tissues caused by a C-section can manifest the following signs to occur in the affected women:

  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • A feeling of tightness in the lower abdomen

Working the abdominal muscles can also result in severe difficulty. Moreover, this can further lead one to constantly be a victim of back pain and an overwhelming feeling of weakness. Other reasons could be some unexplainable reasons, age, weight, etc.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Going through such issues can be scary and not welcoming, especially since you conceived on the first try without much hassle. However, one must realise that a proper diagnosis is the first step to ensure a suitable treatment plan.

To find out the point of contention or the cause of infertility, your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Pelvic Exam
  • Blood tests to examine the hormonal levels
  • Testes to view the cervix and uterus
  • X-rays to view the Fallopian tubes

If your tests don’t raise any concern, the focus will shift to male infertility. Women are checked first due to the majority of cases being of female infertility. Nevertheless, if the cause is detected, the doctor will develop the best treatment depending on the factors.

The treatment plans vastly range from medications/drugs to surgery. However, below are the most typical methods used to deal with secondary fertility. 

  • Medications: Usually, the go-to options for treatment are medications. Medicines are primarily used to normalise the activity of hormones. Clomid is an oral medication responsible for stimulating hormones that produce eggs in women. 

  • Surgery: In a few cases, surgery is needed to counterattack infertility. Uterine surgery eliminates unwanted growth like scar tissue that impacts fertility. Though surgery may sound scary, it is seen as an encouraging move once you realise it may resolve your fertility issues. 

  • IVF: IVF is a procedure where the eggs are retrieved via surgery from the uterus, fertilised in a lab with sperm, and then transferred back into the uterus. 

Aside from the IVF, in cases of men, IUI is preferred. IUI is a procedure in which the sperm is directly injected into the woman’s uterus. This option is pursued by men who have a low sperm count or have a poor quality of sperm.



Secondary infertility can be emotionally draining for you, your partner, and your loved ones. It is essential not to blame each other and work together towards this problem. 

Talk to a healthcare professional or a doctor to gain better guidance towards the whole issue. Consulting your doctor or seeking medical aid would help you get on the right path and help you discover your possible options. 

You shouldn’t forget to stay strong and rely on your shoulders whenever you feel like it. You could also search for success stories and keep in mind to not lose hope. Remember, it is okay to go through fertility issues, as it can happen to almost any couple out there. With the technology constantly improving, there will be many more options available in the future, such as IVF. 

Hence, stay strong and try to reach out for professional help and not delay your checkups, as most couples fear the thought of visiting the doctors.


Fallopian Tube Problems: Blockage, Salpingitis, Hydrosalpinx

Fallopian Tube Problems: Blockage, Salpingitis, Hydrosalpinx


Fallopian tubes, also known as the uterine tubes and oviducts, are the female structures of the body responsible for the ova’s transportation from the uterus every month.

Eggs pass from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes and then to the uterus. As for the female reproductive tract, there is a single ovary and a fallopian tube on each side of the uterus. In the presence of sperm and fertilisation, the fallopian tubes take the fertilised egg to the uterus for the process of implantation to take place.

It is vital to note that the fallopian tube is essential for the female reproductive system. They are the direct pathways for the egg cells to go from the ovaries to the uterus. Hence, without these tubes or any disorders in them, it would be nearly impossible to get pregnant or carry a successful term.

The blockage of the fallopian tubes is one of the main reasons or causes that lead to female infertility. If any part of this tube is damaged due to an infection or a specific surgery, there could be blockage because of scar tissue.

Therefore, this article will discuss the different disorders such as blockage, how they affect the tubes, and when to seek medical help.

So let’s get started!

Fallopian Tube Blockage

If a fallopian tube is blocked, it is most likely that the passageway of the sperm reaches the eggs – and the way back to the uterus to the fertilised egg is blocked too.

Symptoms of Fallopian Tube Blockage

In most cases, blocked fallopian tube blockage doesn’t cause any alarming symptoms that one can catch on easily. Many women don’t even realise that they have blocked fallopian tubes until they go through the following:

  • Get pregnant
  • Problems regarding conception
  • Suffer mild to regular pain in the abdomen region

However, a blocked fallopian tube may cause some women to experience pain in the belly or pelvis area. They might have this pain during their periods, or it could be that this might be constant.

Sometimes, blocked fallopian tubes can lead to chronic to mild pain in one side of the abdomen. This type of blockage of the uterine tubes is better known as hydrosalpinx – a condition where fluid fills and enlarges the blocked tube. We will discuss this in-depth later in the article.

At other times, a blocked fallopian tube can cause a fertilised egg to get stuck, known as ectopic pregnancy. Women who believe they may be undergoing ectopic pregnancy – going through symptoms such as one-sided stomach and vaginal bleeding, then you must seek medical help immediately.

Causes of Fallopian Tube Blockage

There can be an array of reasons why some percentages of women end up with a blocked fallopian tube. Some of them are:

  • Have a history of issues in the pelvic region
  • Have contracted a sexually transmitted disease such as gonorrhoea
  • Have a history of surgeries performed in the pelvic area

Such problems can affect the fallopian tubes and cause scar tissue. These scar tissues, in turn, can block the tubes.


Salpingitis is the inflammation of the fallopian tubes and a type of PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). It is regarded as the infection of the reproductive organs of the body. Such infections are usually a result of sexually transmitted diseases.

The inflammation caused can quickly affect the other tube, thus leaving both the tubes to be affected. If Salpingitis isn’t paid attention to, it causes long term complications in women. Hence, it is vital to understand and know the symptoms to seek medical attention immediately.

Symptoms of Salpingitis

If one happens to be affected by Salpingitis, it may be possible that it has no symptoms at all. However, some women go through symptoms such as continuous pain in the pelvic region, fever, and feeling unwell.

Salpingitis requires compulsory and immediate antibiotic treatment since it can transition into a chronic disease. If the other symptoms of Salpingitis happen to be present, they may include the following:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge along with an unusual colour and odour
  • Spotting between periods
  • Painful sex, ovulation, and menstrual cycle
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain on both sides
  • Lower back pain
  • Frequent urination

Causes of Salpingitis

Salpingitis is caused by bacterial infections that contract due to vaginal intercourse, but one is more at risk if:

  • They have had an STI before
  • They are engaging in sexual activities with numerous partners
  • They have performed unprotected sex

It is also essential to remember that Salpingitis can be acute or chronic. If one’s case is beyond saving, they face infertility, tubo-ovarian abscess, and ectopic pregnancy.


To make this easier – “hydro” means “water”, and “salpinx” means the fallopian tube. Hydrosalpinx is defined as a fallopian tube that is blocked due to a watery fluid. 

The fluid stays or accumulates there because of acute or chronic inflammation happening in the tube. The condition is normally caused by a previous infection of the pelvic region or a sexually transmitted disease.

Nevertheless, it can have a massive impact on a pregnancy term, as discussed below.

Symptoms of Hydrosalpinx

There aren’t many symptoms of hydrosalpinx to begin with. Most women don’t even know that they are affected until they can’t have kids since hydrosalpinx directly affects fertility. However, some of the symptoms that appear are:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Flu-like symptoms

Nonetheless, if one of the tubes has been affected with hydrosalpinx, it is possible to conceive with the other open one tube if it’s healthy. However, given the delicate environment of the uterus – hydrosalpinx will most likely affect it, causing a low pregnancy rate.

Causes of Hydrosalpinx

There are a bunch of several reasons as to why hydrosalpinx may happen. However, some of the commonest ones of them are listed down below:

  • STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections)
  • PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
  • Recent abdominal surgery
  • Endometriosis

Again, ectopic pregnancy or constant pain in the pelvic region are indications that hint towards one possibly having hydrosalpinx.


It would be better to stay on the safe side and be updated about one’s medical history when planning a pregnancy. Even though blocked fallopian tubes can cause infertility in most cases, it is still possible to give birth and carry a successful pregnancy term.

 In most cases, the doctor would advise laparoscopic surgery. This is a surgery where the blockage is removed, and one would have better fertility. However, if the damage done is grave, IVF could also be an option to pursue.

In the cases of Salpingitis and hydrosalpinx, with early diagnosis and effective treatment options, they can fully clear out through antibiotics. Nonetheless, if left untreated, they can result in health complications such as ectopic pregnancy and infertility.

One must immediately contact a doctor or seek professional medical help if they happen to experience the symptoms mentioned in the article for some time being.


All about Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Pregnant Moms

All about Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Pregnant Moms

Iron deficiency during pregnancy is recorded as one of the most common leading factors why infants and young children are born with anaemia. In addition to going through conditions such as fatigue, constipation, and mood swings – suffering from a high levelled risk of anaemia has also been added to the list of pregnant women. Many women go through their entire pregnancy term without in-taking the minimum amount of iron needed to avoid certain complications. There is no doubt that there is a lot more than just bodily changes that occur in a woman’s body when she is pregnant. Alas, the risk of anaemia is also one of them.

There are quite different types of anaemia; therefore, it is essential to be educated about the main ones to avoid complications. It is normal to experience mild anaemia. However, it can make the pregnant woman feel weak and tired. So you must lookout for the signs and symptoms if your condition continues to worsen.

In this article, we will discuss the causes of symptoms, the main types of anaemia, the risk factors, and when a pregnant woman should contact her doctor or healthcare professional.

So let’s get into it!

An Overview of Anaemia

If you have happened to take a Biology class or even a General Knowledge class, you would know that the human body is made of red blood cells and is entirely dependent on them for survival. These red blood cells carry haemoglobin- a protein found in the red blood cells responsible for maintaining oxygen to the entire body and organs. Generally, anaemia is defined according to the haemoglobin levels found in the body. Now, this is dependent on factors such as age, ethnicity, and sex.

The body is set to produce more blood during pregnancy to maintain the baby’s healthy growth. This action made by the body increases the need for vitamins, minerals, and iron required to form haemoglobin. If the mother isn’t getting sufficient iron levels, her body might fail to make that amount of red blood cells needed to make additional blood.

Hence, anaemia is when the body has too few red blood cells to work with. This condition is extra harmful during pregnancy since the mother and baby need blood.

Causes of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

According to some sources, iron deficiency is why pregnant moms undergo anaemia.

The most typical cause is the inadequate consumption of iron. Women are hit with iron deficiency anaemia when there is a lack of iron storage before and during pregnancy. Iron is highly needed during life-changing processes such as pregnancy and for little kids growing up. Foods such as meat, eggs, and green, leafy vegetables are rich in iron and must be eaten to ensure a balanced iron intake to avoid deficiency. Apart from being pregnant, if you are someone who experiences heavy menstrual periods, that may cause you to be iron-deficient as well.

A few medical problems or diseases can cause internal bleeding, such as stomach ulcers or colon cancer, potentially leading to iron-deficiency anaemia. Regular intake of certain pain relievers such as aspirin can cause bleeding in the stomach. Even disorders or the effects of surgery can make one unable to absorb iron. Therefore, even if one takes the right amounts of iron, the body would not absorb or contain it. There are two different types of anaemia that women can develop during their pregnancies other than Iron deficiency anaemia. These are Folate-deficiency anaemia and Vitamin B12 deficiency.

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Pregnant women with iron deficiency anaemia undergo symptoms at a mild stage. Since the symptoms are mild at first, some women don’t even realise they are short on iron until the tests are done.

Nevertheless, some of the symptoms experienced by pregnant women are fatigue, paleness, feeling weak, shortness of breath, feeling dizzy, craving strange items that have zero nutritional value, headaches, brittle nails, and fast or irregular heartbeat. These soon-to-be mothers also have difficulty sleeping.

There are no such specific symptoms other than the ones mentioned above. However, if the case is severe, then the pregnant woman feels highly exhausted all the time.

Risk Factors of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Even though every pregnant woman is equally at risk of becoming anaemic, the risk of some pregnant women eventually increases due to the following reasons:

  • If they happen to be carrying twins or multiples or have had two pregnancies in a short time
  • Have had anaemic problems before pregnancy
  • Don’t consume enough iron and vitamins
  • Vomit a lot because of morning sickness
  • Had any surgery related to the stomach
  • Are a strict vegan

If you have any of these risk factors, it would be best to meet or contact your doctor to avoid complications.


Getting anaemic during pregnancy is common. Your doctor can devise a treatment plan according to the severity of your condition. In most situations, doctors recommend taking iron supplements to help restore the iron levels in the body. You may also have to take these supplements for a few months. Your doctor may also make significant changes in your diet.

It would be best not to jump to conclusions yourself. Most iron-deficiency anaemia symptoms can feel similar to a normal pregnancy. It would be best to have some tests done before making a decision. 

– One of the most common tests is the haemoglobin test – this is where the doctor will collect a small sample of your blood in a test tube. 

– Another test is known as the hematocrit test – this is where again, the doctor will take some amount of your blood to measure the percentage of blood cells present in your blood. 

– Lastly, CBC (Complete Blood Count) test measures the type and number of cells in your blood.

Nonetheless, it is better to schedule a meeting with your doctor or a healthcare professional to know the point of contention. You could end up with too much iron, a dangerous condition that can cause other health problems like constipation or further bodily damage. Therefore, talk to a doctor before making any deductions.